Archaeology and archaeometallurgy: some unresolved areas in the interpretation of analytical data

Article English OPEN
Pearce, Mark (2016)

This paper uses examples from Mediterranean and in particular Italian prehistory to explore the interface between prehistoric archaeology and metals analysis by examining three areas: the usefulness of data from past analyses (‘what is it made of?’), lead isotope analysis and the problem of unpublished data (‘where is it from?’), and the interpretation of analytical data (‘what does it mean?’). Issues discussed include big data, the integration of datasets from different analytical programmes (especially where analytical results are in disagreement), and open access and the withholding of data through incomplete publication, which means that conclusions cannot be verified. It offers some suggestions as to how communication between archaeologists and archaeometallurgists can be improved.
  • References (53)
    53 references, page 1 of 6

    Artioli, Gilberto, Ivana Angelini, and Paolo Nimis. 2012. “Mineralizzazioni e Produzioni del Rame in Ambito Bellunese.” In Il castelliere di Castel de Pedena. Un sito di frontiera del II e I millennio a.C., edited by Anna Angelini and Giovanni Leonardi, 167-76. Saltuarie del Laboratorio del Piovego 9. Padua: Università degli studi di Padova, Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Archeologia, Storia dell'Arte, del Cinema e della Musica / Fondazione Giovanni Angelini, Centro Studi sulla Montagna.

    Barker, Graeme W.W. 1971. “The First Metallurgy in Italy in the Light of the Metal Analyses from the Pigorini Museum.” Bullettino di Paletnologia Italiana 80: 183-208.

    Berzero, Antonella, Vera Caramella Crespi, Nicla Genova, Sandro Meloni, Massimo Oddone, and Mark Pearce. 1991. “Indagine Chimica Sul Ripostiglio Di Pieve Albignola (Pavia).” Appendix to Materiali preistorici, by Mark Pearce, 163-169. Cataloghi dei Civici Musei di Pavia I. Milan: Edizioni ennerre.

    Bevan, Andrew. 2012. “Spatial Methods for Analysing Large-Scale Artefact Inventories.” Antiquity 86 (332): 492-506.

    Bray, Peter J., and A. Mark Pollard. 2012. “A New Interpretative Approach to the Chemistry of Copper-Alloy Objects: Source, Recycling and Technology.” Antiquity 86 (333): 853-67.

    Bray, Peter, Aurélie Cuénod, Chris Gosden, Peter Hommel, Ruiliang Liu, and A. Mark Pollard. 2015. “Form and Flow: the 'karmic Cycle' of Copper.” Journal of Archaeological Science 56: 202-9.

    Briard, Jacques, and Pierre-Roland Giot. 1956. “Analyses D'Objects Métalliques Du Chalcolithique, De L'âge Du Bronze Ancien et Du Bronze Moyen de Bretagne.” L'Anthropologie 60 (5-6): 495-500.

    Budd, Paul, A. Mark Pollard, Brett Scaife, and Richard G. Thomas. 1995. “Oxhide Ingots, Recycling and the Mediterranean Metals Trade.” Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 8 (1): 1-32.

    Coghlan, Herbert H., and Humphrey Case. 1958. “Early Metallurgy of Copper in Ireland and Britain.” Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 23 (1957): 91-123.

    Darley, Rebecca, Daniel Reynolds, and Chris Wickham. 2014. Open access journals in Humanities and Social Science. London: British Academy.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark