Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa
Quan, Julian F.
- Publisher: Natural Resources Institute
This report provides an overview of current land policy issues in the southern African region, drawn from assessments of six individual country experiences. It sets out the issues surrounding land policy development and land reform in Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and of wider relevance in the region as a whole. The first chapter offers an overview of major land policy issues facing the countries of the region. Chapter Two provides a brief review of recent literature which assesses the relations between forms of land tenure, security and farm productivity in sub-Saharan Africa more generally. Chapters Three to Five are individual country reviews providing supporting historical material and in-depth analysis for the main focus countries of Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Chapter Six addresses South Africa. The recent experiences of land policy in Tanzania and Namibia are also briefly reviewed in Chapters Seven and Eight. The report concludes by identifying cross-cutting issues for land policy in the region, specific lessons for the cases of Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and highlights the needs for: donor support for policy development processes; careful planning and monitoring of resettlement schemes; avoidance of hasty programmes of tenure reform, without full consideration of their impacts on the poor and for future generations; closer integration of work on land rights and rural development support at local level; the adoption of a poverty focus in land policy work; and support for advocacy on behalf of the poor.
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