Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor α–stimulated monocyte adhesion to human aortic endothelial cells by AMP-activated protein kinase

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Ewart, M-A. ; Kohlhaas, C.F. ; Salt, I.P. (2008)

<b>Objective</b>— Proatherosclerotic adhesion of leukocytes to the endothelium is attenuated by NO. As AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates endothelial NO synthesis, we investigated the modulation of adhesion to cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) by AMPK.\ud \ud <b>Methods and Results</b>— HAECs incubated with the AMPK activator, AICAR, or expressing constitutively active AMPK demonstrated reduced TNF α-stimulated adhesion of promonocytic U-937 cells. Rapid inhibition of TNF α-stimulated U-937 cell adhesion by AICAR was NO-dependent, associated with unaltered cell surface adhesion molecule expression, and reduced MCP-1 secretion by HAECs. In contrast, inhibition of TNF α-stimulated U-937 cell adhesion by prolonged AMPK activation was NO-independent and associated with reduced cell surface adhesion molecule expression.\ud \ud <b>Conclusions</b>— AMPK activation in HAECs inhibits TNF α-stimulated leukocyte adhesion by a rapid NO-dependent mechanism associated with reduced MCP-1 secretion and a late NO-independent mechanism whereby adhesion molecule expression, in particular E-selectin, is suppressed.\ud \ud We investigated the functional effects of AMPK activation in cultured human endothelial cells. Stimulation of AMPK inhibited TNF α-stimulated monocyte adhesion by two distinct mechanisms: a rapid NO-dependent mechanism associated with a reduction in chemokine release and a late NO-independent mechanism whereby adhesion molecule expression is suppressed.
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