Perfectionism and burnout in junior elite soccer players: The mediating influence of unconditional self-acceptance.

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Hill, Andrew P. ; Hall, Howard ; Appleton, Paul R. ; Kozub, Stephen A. (2008)

Objectives: It has been argued that elite junior athletes may be especially vulnerable to the development of burnout. Few studies to date have examined the psychological mechanisms that may underpin this vulnerability. One exception was a study by Gould, Tuffrey, Udry, and Loehr, which found that a form of perfectionism reflecting a preoccupation with avoiding mistakes differentiated between burnout and non-burnout tennis players. The first purpose of the present investigation was to extend this research and examine the influence of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism on burnout in elite junior soccer players. A second purpose was to examine whether the association between perfectionism and burnout was mediated by unconditional self-acceptance. Design: A correlational design was employed. Method: One hundred and fifty-one soccer players (M age = 14.4 years, SD = 2.4 years) completed an inventory that included Flett and Hewitt's (1991) Multidimensional Perfectionism Sca
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