Deception has no acute or residual effect on cycling time trial performance but negatively effects perceptual responses.

Article English OPEN
Jones, HS ; Williams, EL ; Marchant, DC ; Sparks, SA ; Bridge, CA ; Midgley, AW ; Mc Naughton, LR (2015)
  • Publisher: Elsevier

Feedback deception is used to explore the importance of expectations on pacing strategy and performance in self-paced exercise. The deception of feedback from a previous performance explores the importance of experience knowledge on exercise behaviour. This study aimed to explore the acute and residual effects of the deception of previous performance speed on perceptual responses and performance in cycling time trials.A parallel-group design.Twenty cyclists were assigned to a control or deception group and performed 16.1km time trials. Following a ride-alone baseline time trial (FBL), participants performed against a virtual avatar representing their FBL performance (PACER), then completed a subsequent ride-alone time trial (SUB). The avatar in the deception group, however, was unknowingly set 2% faster than their FBL.Both groups performed faster in PACER than FBL and SUB (p<0.05), but SUB was not significantly different to FBL. Affect was more negative and Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) were higher in PACER than FBL in the deception group (p<0.05).The presence of a visual pacer acutely facilitated time trial performance, but deceptive feedback had no additional effect on performance. The deception group, however, experienced more negative affect and higher RPE in PACER, whereas these responses were absent in the control group. The performance improvement was not sustained in SUB, suggesting no residual performance effects occurred.
  • References (30)
    30 references, page 1 of 3

    1 Stoate I, Wulf G, Lewthwaite R. Enhanced expectancies improve movement efficiency in runners. J Sports Sci 2012; 30:815-23.

    2 Hutchinson JC, Sherman T, Martinovic N, et al. The effect of manipulated self-efficacy on perceived and sustained effort. J Appl Sport Psych 2008; 20:457-72.

    3 Smits BLM, Pepping GJ, Hettinga FJ. Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise: The roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity. Sports Med 2014; 44:763-75.

    4 Renfree A, Martin L, Micklewright D. Application of decision-making theory to the regulation of muscular work rate during self-paced competitive endurance activity. Sports Med 2013; 44:147-58.

    5 Renfree A, West J, Corbett M, et al. Complex interplay between determinants of pacing and performance during 20-km cycle time trials. Int J Sports Phys Perf 2012; 7:121-9.

    6 Beedie CJ, Lane AM, Wilson MG. A possible role for emotion and emotion regulation in physiological responses to false performance feedback in 10 mile laboratory cycling. Appl Psychophys Biof 2012; 30:1-9.

    7 Nikolopoulos V, Arkinstall MJ, Hawley JA. Pacing strategy in simulated cycle time-trials is based on perceived rather than actual distance. J Sci Med Sport 2001; 4:212-9.

    8 Szalma JL, Hancock PA, Dember WN, et al. Training for vigilance: The effect of knowledge of results format and dispositional optimism and pessimism on performance and stress. British J Psych 2006; 97:115-35.

    9 Micklewright D, Papadopoulou E, Swart J, et al. Previous experience influences pacing during 20 km time trial cycling. Br J Sports Med 2010; 44:952-60.

    10 Mauger AR, Jones AM, Williams CA. Influence of feedback and prior experience on pacing during a 4-km cycle time trial. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009; 41:451-8.

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Leeds Beckett University Repository - IRUS-UK 0 6
Share - Bookmark