1. H. Hale Bellot, University College London, 1826-1929 (London, 1929), 418.
2. Bernard Naylor, 'The Libraries of the University of London to the 1960s', in Alistair Black & Peter Hoare (eds), The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, iii: 1850-2000 (Cambridge, 2006), 345-56, 346-7. The Bentham Collection is mentioned in Catalogue of Books in the General Library and in the South Library of University College, London (3 vols, London, 1879), i. p. iv. For the Marsden Collection, see: 1833-1834, Statement of the Arrangements for Conducting the Various Departments of Kings College London (London, 1833), 5; King's College Archives, no ref.: Council Report, 29 April 1835. The Marsden Collection is listed in: William Marsden, Bibliotheca Marsdeniana Philologica et Orientalis: A Catalogue of Books and Manuscripts Collected with a View to the General Comparison of Languages, and to the Study of Oriental Literature (London, 1827). The College library does not feature in F.J.C. Hearnshaw, The Centenary History of King's College London, 1828-1978 (London, 1929).
3. C.E. Whiting, The University of Durham 1832-1932 (London, 1932), 274-5. A briefer account of the early library at the University of Durham and Van Mildert's role in it can be found in J.T.D. Hall, 'Introduction', in Richard Gameson (ed.), Treasures of Durham University Library (London, 2007), 18-29, 20.
4. For specific institutions, see Hywel Berwyn Evans, The Library over a Hundred Years (1880-1980) ([Birmingham], 1981); Edward Fiddes, Chapters in the History of Owens College and of Manchester University 1851- 1914 (Manchester, 1937), 203, 207; Thomas Kelly, For Advancement of Learning: The University of Liverpool 1881-1981 (Liverpool, 1981), 46-7, 82 and 537; James Thompson, A Centennial History of the Library of the University of Birmingham, 1880-1995 (Birmingham, 2000). For an assessment of the general academic atmosphere of the homes of the civic universities, including library provision, see F.W. Ratcliffe, 'The Civic Universities and their Libraries', in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, iii: 1850-2000, 357-76, 357-65. For a connection between cities boasting institutions which became civic universities and public libraries, see David R. Jones, The Origins of Civic Universities: Manchester, Leeds and Liverpool (London, 1988), 20.
5. Bellot, University College London, 418.
6. The purpose of the university is stated in its charter of 1836, reproduced in University of London, The Historical Record (1836-1912), Being a Supplement to the Calendar Completed to September 1913, 1st issue (London, 1912), 26-30. For a more accessible summary, see Negley Harte, The University of London 1836-1986: An Illustrated History (London, 1986), 80.
7. A Catalogue of the Library of the London Institution Systematically Classed, Preceded by an Historical and Bibliographical Account of the Establishment., i: The General Library (London, 1835), pp. vi-xxiii. For further information about the library of the London Institution, see K.A. Manley, 'E.B. Nicholson and the London Institution', Journal of Librarianship 5 (1973), 52-77.
8. See Edward Wedlake Brayley, A Catalogue of the Library of the Russell Institution (London, 1835) (for subject coverage); idem, Appendix to the Catalogue of the Library of the Russell Institution (London, 1837), p. vi (for size). Catalogues of the Royal Institution in Albemarle Street, in London's West End, are silent about its extent: William Harris, A Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Institution of Great Britain (2nd edn, London, 1821); Benjamin Vincent, A New Classified Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Institution of Great Britain (London, 1857).
9. See William Baker, The Early History of the London Library (Lewiston, 1992), 72.
10. P.R. Harris, A History of the British Museum Library 1753-1973 (London, 1998), 766.