Globalisation masculinities, empire building and forced prostitution: a critical analysis of the gendered impact of the neoliberal economic agenda in post-invasion/occupation Iraq

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Banwell, Stacy (2015)

Adopting a transnational feminist lens and using a political economy approach, this article addresses both the direct and indirect consequences of the 2003 war in Iraq, specifically the impact on civilian women. Pre-war security and gender relations in Iraq will be compared with the situation post-invasion/occupation. The article examines the globalised processes of capitalism, neoliberalism and neo-colonialism and their impact on the political, social and economic infrastructure in Iraq. Particular attention will be paid to illicit and informal economies: coping, combat and criminal. The 2003 Iraq war was fought using masculinities of empire, post-colonialism and neoliberalism. Using the example of forced prostitution, the article will argue that these globalisation masculinities – specifically the privatisation agenda of the West and its illegal economic occupation – have resulted in women either being forced into the illicit (coping) economy as a means of survival, or trafficked for sexual slavery by profit-seeking criminal networks who exploit the informal economy in a post-invasion/occupation Iraq.
  • References (3)

    Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences, Rashida Monjoo. Accessed September 12, 2014.

    http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session23/ A_HRC_23_49_English.pdf United Nations S/RES 1483, 22 May, 2003. Accessed March 2014.http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/pdf/resolution1483_iraq_en.pdf.

    United States Department of State. “Trafficking in Persons Report - Iraq.” June 19, 2012. Accessed March 3, 2014. http://www.refworld.org/docid/4fe30cbf32.html.

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