MIPAS reduced spectral resolution UTLS-1 mode measurements of temperature, O3, HNO3, N2O, H2O and relative humidity over ice: retrievals and comparison to MLS
Other literature type
Stiller, G. P.
Santee, M. L.
Read, W. G.
Livesey, N. J.
During several periods since 2005 the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding
(MIPAS) on Envisat has performed observations dedicated to the region of the upper
troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS). For the duration of November/December 2005 global
distributions of temperature and several trace gases from MIPAS UTLS-1 mode
measurements have been retrieved using the IMK/IAA (Institut für Meteorologie
und Klimaforschung/Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía)
scientific processor. In the UTLS region a vertical resolution of 3 km for temperaure,
3 to 4 km for H<sub>2</sub>O,
2.5 to 3 km for O<sub>3</sub>, 3.5 km for HNO<sub>3</sub> and 3.5 to 2.5 km for N<sub>2</sub>O has been achieved.
The retrieved temperature, H<sub>2</sub>O, O<sub>3</sub>, HNO<sub>3</sub>, N<sub>2</sub>O,
and relative humidity over ice are intercompared with the Microwave Limb Sounder
(MLS/Aura) v2.2 data in the pressure range 316 to 0.68 hPa, 316 to 0.68 hPa,
215 to 0.68 hPa, 215 to 3.16 hPa, 100 to 1 hPa and 316 to 10 hPa, respectively.
In general, MIPAS and MLS temperatures are biased within ±4 K over the whole
pressure and latitude range. Systematic, latitude-independent differences of
−2 to −4 K (MIPAS-MLS) at 121 hPa are explained by previously observed
biases in the MLS v2.2 temperature retrievals. Temperature differences of −4 K
up to 12 K above 10.0 hPa are present both in MIPAS and MLS with respect to ECMWF
(European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) and are likely due to deficiencies
of the ECMWF analysis data. MIPAS and MLS stratospheric volume mixing ratios (vmr)
of H<sub>2</sub>O are biased within ±1 ppmv,
with indication of oscillations between 146 and 26 hPa in the MLS dataset.
Tropical upper tropospheric values of relative humidity over ice measured by
the two instruments differ by ±20% in the pressure range ~146 to 68 hPa.
These differences are mainly caused by the MLS temperature biases. Ozone mixing
ratios agree within 0.5 ppmv (10 to 20%) between 68 and 14 hPa. At pressures
smaller than 10 hPa, MIPAS O<sub>3</sub> vmr are higher than MLS by an average of 0.5 ppmv (10%).
General agreement between MIPAS and MLS HNO<sub>3</sub> is within the range of −1.0
(−10%) to 1.0 ppbv (20%). MIPAS HNO<sub>3</sub> is 1.0 ppbv (10%) higher compared
to MLS between 46 hPa and 10 hPa over the Northern Hemisphere. Over the tropics
at 31.6 hPa MLS shows a low bias of more than 1 ppbv (>50%).
In general, MIPAS and MLS N<sub>2</sub>O vmr agree within 20 to 40 ppbv (20 to 40%).
Differences in the range between 100 to 21 hPa are attributed to a known 20%
positive bias in MIPAS N<sub>2</sub>O data.