Simulating precipitation decline under a Mediterranean deciduous Oak forest: effects on isoprene seasonal emissions and predictions under climatic scenarios

Other literature type English OPEN
Genard-Zielinski, Anne-Cyrielle ; Boissard, Christophe ; Ormeño, Elena ; Lathière, Juliette ; Reiter, Ilja M. ; Wortham, Henri ; Orts, Jean-Philippe ; Temine-Roussel, Brice ; Guenet, Bertrand ; Bartsch, Svenja ; Gauquelin, Thierry ; Fernandez, Catherine (2017)

Seasonal variations of <i>Q. pubescens</i> physiology and isoprene emission rates (ER) were studied from June 2012 to June 2013 at the O<sub>3</sub>HP site (French Mediterranean) under natural (ND) and amplified (+30&thinsp;%, AD) drought. While AD significantly reduced the stomatal conductance to water vapour over the season excepting August, it did not significantly limit CO<sub>2</sub> net assimilation, which was the lowest in summer. ER followed a significant seasonal pattern, whatever the drought intensity, with mean ER maxima of 78.5 and 104.8&thinsp;µgC&thinsp;gDM<sup>&minus;1</sup>&thinsp;h<sup>&minus;1</sup> in July (ND) and August (AD) respectively. Isoprene emission factor increased significantly by a factor of 2 in August and September under AD (137.8 and 74.3&thinsp;µgC&thinsp;gDM<sup>&minus;1</sup>&thinsp;h<sup>&minus;1</sup>) compared to ND (75.3 and 40.21&thinsp;µgC&thinsp;gDM<sup>&minus;1</sup>&thinsp;h<sup>&minus;1</sup>), but no changes occurred on ER. An isoprene algorithm (<i>G</i>14) was developed using an optimised artificial neural network trained on our experimental dataset (ER + O<sub>3</sub>HP climatic and edaphic parameters cumulated over 0 to 21 days before measurements). <i>G</i>14 assessed more than 80&thinsp;% of the observed ER seasonal variations, whatever the drought intensity. In contrast, ER was poorly assessed under water stress by MEGAN empirical isoprene model, in particular under AD. Soil water (SW) content was the dominant parameter to account for the observed ER variations, regardless the water stress treatment. ER was more sensitive to higher frequency environmental changes under AD (0 to &minus;7 days) compared to ND (7 days). Using IPCC RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 climate scenarios, SW and temperature calculated by the ORCHIDEE land surface model, and <i>G</i>14, an annual 3 fold ER relative increase was found between present (2000&ndash;2010) and future (2090&ndash;2100) for RCP8.5 scenario compared to a 70&thinsp;% increase for RCP2.6. Future ER remained mainly sensitive to SW (both scenarios) and became dependent to higher frequency environmental changes under RCP8.5.
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