Development of seasonal flow outlook model for Ganges-Brahmaputra Basins in Bangladesh

Other literature type English OPEN
Hossain, Sazzad ; Haque Khan, Raihanul ; Kumar Gautum, Dilip ; Karmaker, Ripon ; Hossain, Amirul (2016)

Bangladesh is crisscrossed by the branches and tributaries of three main river systems, the Ganges, Bramaputra and Meghna (GBM). The temporal variation of water availability of those rivers has an impact on the different water usages such as irrigation, urban water supply, hydropower generation, navigation etc. Thus, seasonal flow outlook can play important role in various aspects of water management. The Flood Forecasting and Warning Center (FFWC) in Bangladesh provides short term and medium term flood forecast, and there is a wide demand from end-users about seasonal flow outlook for agricultural purposes. The objective of this study is to develop a seasonal flow outlook model in Bangladesh based on rainfall forecast. It uses European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) seasonal precipitation, temperature forecast to simulate HYDROMAD hydrological model. Present study is limited for Ganges and Brahmaputra River Basins. ARIMA correction is applied to correct the model error. The performance of the model is evaluated using coefficient of determination (<i>R</i><sup>2</sup>) and Nash–Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE). The model result shows good performance with <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> value of 0.78 and NSE of 0.61 for the Brahmaputra River Basin, and <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> value of 0.72 and NSE of 0.59 for the Ganges River Basin for the period of May to July 2015. The result of the study indicates strong potential to make seasonal outlook to be operationalized.
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