Technical note: A closed chamber method to measure greenhouse gas fluxes from dry sediments
Other literature type
(issn: 1867-8548, eissn: 1867-8548)
Greenhouse gas emissions from dry aquatic sediments are probably globally relevant. However, they are difficult to measure because of the often rocky substrate and the dynamic nature of the habitat. Here we tested the performance of different materials to seal a closed chamber to stony ground both in laboratory and field experiments. Using on-site material consistently resulted in elevated fluxes. The artefact was caused both by outgassing of the material and production of gas. The magnitude of the artefact was site dependent – the measured CO<sub>2</sub> flux was increased between 10 and 208 %. Errors due to incomplete sealing proved to be more severe than errors due to non-inert sealing material.
Pottery clay as sealing material provided a tight sealing of the chamber to the ground and no production of gases was detected. With this approach it is possible to get reliable gas fluxes from hard-substrate sites without using a permanent collar. Our test experiments confirmed that CO<sub>2</sub> fluxes from dry aquatic sediments are similar to CO<sub>2</sub> fluxes from <q>normal</q> soils.