F-region ionospheric perturbations in the low-latitude ionosphere during the geomagnetic storm of 25-27 August 1987

Other literature type English OPEN
Pavlov, A. V. ; Fukao, S. ; Kawamura, S. (2004)
  • Journal: (issn: 1432-0576, eissn: 1432-0576)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5194/angeo-22-3479-2004
  • Subject:
    arxiv: Physics::Geophysics | Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics | Physics::Space Physics

We have presented a comparison between the modeled <i>NmF2</i> and <i>hmF2</i>, and <i>NmF2</i> and <i>hmF2</i> which were observed at the equatorial anomaly crest and close to the geomagnetic equator simultaneously by the Akita, Kokubunji, Yamagawa, Okinawa, Manila, Vanimo, and Darwin ionospheric sounders and by the middle and upper atmosphere (MU) radar (34.85&deg; N, 136.10&deg; E) during the 25-27 August 1987 geomagnetically storm-time period at low solar activity near 201&deg;, geomagnetic longitude. A comparison between the electron and ion temperatures measured by the MU radar and those produced by the model of the ionosphere and plasmasphere is presented. The corrections of the storm-time zonal electric field, E<sub>&Lambda;</sub>, from 16:30&nbsp;UT to 21:00&nbsp;UT on 25 August bring the modeled and measured <i>hmF2</i> into reasonable agreement. In both hemispheres, the meridional neutral wind, W, taken from the HWW90 wind model and the NRLMSISE-00 neutral temperature, T<sub>n</sub>, and densities are corrected so that the model results agree with the ionospheric sounders and MU radar observations. The geomagnetic latitude variations in <i>NmF2</i> on 26 August differ significantly from those on 25 and 27 August. The equatorial plasma fountain undergoes significant inhibition on 26 August. This suppression of the equatorial anomaly on 26 August is not due to a reduction in the meridional component of the plasma drift perpendicular to the geomagnetic field direction, but is due to the action of storm-time changes in neutral winds and densities on the plasma fountain process. The asymmetry in W determines most of the north-south asymmetry in <i>hmF2</i> and <i>NmF2</i> on 25 and 27 August between about 01:00-01:30&nbsp;UT and about 14:00&nbsp;UT when the equatorial anomaly exists in the ionosphere, while asymmetries in W, T<sub>n</sub>, and neutral densities relative to the geomagnetic equator are responsible for the north-south asymmetry in <i>NmF2</i> and <i>hmF2</i> on 26 August. A theory of the primary mechanisms causing the morning and evening peaks in the electron temperature, T<sub>e</sub>, is developed. An appearance, magnitude variations, latitude variations, and a disappearance of the morning T<sub>e</sub> peaks during 25-27 August are caused by variations in E<sub>&Lambda;</sub>, thermospheric composition, T<sub>n</sub>, and W. The magnitude of the evening T<sub>e</sub> peak and its time location are decreased with the lowering of the geomagnetic latitude due to the weakening of the effect of the plasma drift caused by W on the electron density. The difference between 25 August and 26-27 August in an appearance, magnitude and latitude variations, and a disappearance of the evening T<sub>e</sub> peak is caused by variations in W, the thermospheric composition, T<sub>n</sub>, and E<sub>&Lambda;</sub>.
Share - Bookmark