Generation and propagation of stick-slip waves over a fault with rate-independent friction
Other literature type
Dyskin, Arcady V.
Stick-slip sliding is observed at various scales in fault sliding and the accompanied seismic events. It is conventionally assumed that the mechanism of stick-slip over geomaterials lies in the rate dependence of friction. However, the movement resembling the stick-slip could be associated with elastic oscillations of the rock around the fault, which occurs regardless of rate properties of the friction. In order to investigate this mechanism, two simple models were considered: a mass-spring model of Burridge and Knopoff type (BK model) and a one-dimensional (1D) model an infinite elastic rod driven by elastic shear spring.
The results show that frictional sliding in the case of BK model demonstrates stick-slip-like motion even when the friction coefficient is constant. The 1D rod model predicts that any initial disturbance moves with a p-wave velocity, that is supersonically with the amplitude of disturbances decreasing with time. This effect might provide an explanation to the observed supersonic rupture propagation over faults.