Ozone profiles by DIAL at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island) Part 1. Tropospheric ozone lidar: system description, performances evaluation and comparison with ancillary data

Other literature type English OPEN
Duflot, Valentin ; Baray, Jean-Luc ; Payen, Guillaume ; Marquestaut, Nicolas ; Posny, Françoise ; Metzger, Jean-Marc ; Langerock, Bavo ; Vigouroux, Corinne ; Hadji-Lazaro, Juliette ; Portafaix, Thierry ; Mazière, Martine ; Coheur, Pierre-François ; Clerbaux, Cathy ; Cammas, Jean-Pierre (2017)

Recognizing the importance of ozone in the troposphere and lower stratosphere in the tropics, a DIAL tropospheric ozone lidar system (LIO3T<sub><i>UR</i></sub>) was developped and installed at the Université de la Réunion campus site (close to the sea) in Reunion Island (southern tropics) in 1998. From 1998 to 2010, it acquired 427 ozone profiles from the low to the upper troposphere and has been central to several studies. In 2012, the system was moved up to the new Maïdo Observatory facility (2160&thinsp;m above mean sea level &ndash; amsl) where it started operation in February 2013. The current system (LIO3T) configuration generates a 266&thinsp;nm beam obtained with the fourth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser sent into a Raman cell filled up with deuterium (using helium as buffer gas) generating the 289 and 316&thinsp;nm beams enabling the use of the DIAL method for ozone profile measurements. Optimal range for the actual system is 6&ndash;19&thinsp;km&thinsp;amsl, depending on the instrumental and atmospheric conditions; for a 1-hour integration time, vertical resolution varies from 0.7&thinsp;km at 6&thinsp;km&thinsp;amsl to 1.3&thinsp;km at 19&thinsp;km amsl, and mean uncertainty within the 6&ndash;19&thinsp;km range is between 6 and 13&thinsp;%. Comparisons with 8 electrochemical concentration cell (ECC) sondes simultaneously launched from the Maïdo Observatory show a good agreement between datasets with a 7.7&thinsp;% mean absolute value of the relative differences with respect to the mean (<i>D</i>) between 6 and 17&thinsp;km&thinsp;amsl (LIO3T low); comparisons with 37 ECC sondes launched from the nearby Gillot site during day time in a &pm;24-hour window around lidar shooting result in a 10.3&thinsp;% <i>D</i> between 6 and 19&thinsp;km&thinsp;amsl (LIO3T low); comparisons with 11 ground-based Network for Detection of Atmosphere Composition Change (NDACC) Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer measurements acquired during day time in a &pm;24-hour window around lidar shooting show a good agreement between datasets with a <i>D</i> of 11.8&thinsp;% for the 8.5&ndash;16&thinsp;km partial column (LIO3T high); and comparisons with 39 simultaneous Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) observations over Reunion Island show a good agreement between datasets with a <i>D</i> of 11.3&thinsp;% for the 6&ndash;16&thinsp;km partial column (LIO3T high). ECC, LIO3T<sub><i>UR</i></sub> and LIO3T O<sub>3</sub> monthly climatologies all exhibit the same range of values and patterns. In particular, the southern hemisphere biomass burning seasonal enhancement, the ozonopause altitude decrease in late austral winter-spring, as well as the signature of deep convection bringing boundary layer-ozone poor air masses up to the mid-upper troposphere in late austral summer, are clearly visible on all datasets.
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