GENERATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN GEOGRAPHIC REFERENCE IMAGE THROUGH LONG-STRIP ALOS PRISM ORIENTATION
Other literature type
Fraser, C. S.
(issn: 2194-9034, eissn: 2194-9034)
The Australian Geographic Reference Image (AGRI) is a national satellite image mosaic that covers the vast Australian continent.
Formed from 9560 ALOS PRISM images, AGRI provides a spatially correct reference image at 2.5 m resolution, with 1-pixel
accuracy. The production of AGRI was made feasible by the development and implementation of a long-strip adjustment technique
that facilitated a refinement in the georeferencing process of orbit and attitude parameters for orbital segments comprising 50 or
more images. The strip of images is effectively treated as a single image. The ground control requirements for such full-pass
georeferencing, which does not require the measurement of tie or pass points, amount to only 4–8 GCPs for the complete strip rather
than 4 or more per image within the strip. Once the adjusted orbit parameters are obtained, the georeferencing and orthorectification
process can revert to a fully automatic image-by-image computation. This paper first overviews AGRI and then describes the longstrip
adjustment technique that made its production possible. Testing and validation are then discussed via the example of the
georeferencing of a 1527 km single strip of 55 PRISM images. The testing phase verified that 1-pixel accuracy georeferencing could
be achieved with the long-strip adjustment approach, and in the production of AGRI accuracy checks against 2460 checkpoints
yielded an RMS discrepancy of close to 2.5 m and a 90% Circular Error (CEP90) of 5.5 m.