Tectonic controls of Holocene erosion in a glaciated orogen

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Adams, Byron ; Ehlers, Todd (2018)

<p>Recent work has highlighted a strong, worldwide, alpine glacial impact on orogen erosion rates over the last 2&thinsp;Ma. While it may be assumed that glaciers increased erosion rates when active, the degree to which past glaciations influence Holocene erosion rates through the adjustment of topography is not known. In this study, we investigate the influence of long-term tectonic and post-glacial topographic controls on erosion in a glaciated orogen: the Olympic Mountains, USA. We present 14 new <span class="inline-formula"><sup>10</sup>Be</span> and <span class="inline-formula"><sup>26</sup>Al</span> analyses which constrain Holocene erosion rates across the Olympic Mountains. Basin-averaged erosion rates scale with basin-averaged values of 5&thinsp;km local relief, channel steepness, and hillslope angle throughout the range, similar to observations from non-glaciated orogens. These erosion rates are not related to mean annual precipitation or the marked change in Pleistocene alpine glacier size across the range, implying that glacier modification of topography and modern precipitation parameters do not exert strong controls on these rates. Rather, we find that despite spatial variations in glacial modification of topography, patterns of recent erosion are similar to those from estimates of long-term tectonic rock uplift. This is consistent with a tectonic model where erosion and rock uplift patterns are controlled by the deformation of the Cascadia subduction zone.</p>
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