Long-term hmF2 trends in the Eurasian longitudinal sector from the ground-based ionosonde observations

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Marin, D. ; Mikhailov, A. V. ; Morena, B. A. ; Herraiz, M. (2001)
  • Publisher: Copernicus Publications
  • Journal: (issn: 1432-0576, eissn: 1432-0576)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5194/angeo-19-761-2001
  • Subject: Geophysics. Cosmic physics | Q | Science | Physics | QC1-999 | QC801-809

The method earlier used for the <i>f</i>oF2 long-term trends analysis is applied to reveal <i>hm</i>F2 long-term trends at 27 ionosonde stations in the European and Asian longitudinal sectors. Observed M(3000)F2 data for the last 3 solar cycles are used to derive <i>hm</i>F2 trends. The majority of the studied stations show significant <i>hm</i>F2 linear trends with a confidence level of at least 95% for the period after 1965, with most of these trends being positive. No systematic variation of the trend magnitude with latitude is revealed, but some longitudinal effect does take place. The proposed geomagnetic storm concept to explain <i>hm</i>F2 long-term trends proceeds from a natural origin of the trends rather than an artificial one related to the thermosphere cooling due to the greenhouse effect.<br><br><b>Key words. </b>Ionosphere (ionosphere-atmosphere interaction)
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