Do high functioning autistic individuals treated in a residential setting differ in divided attention abilities from those treated in an out-patient setting?

Article English OPEN
Bogte, Hans ; Flamma, Bert ; van der Meere, Jaap (2002)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X, eissn: 1239-9736)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v61i0.17499
  • Subject: divided attention, high functioning autism, reaction times

The goal of this current study was to test divided attention abilities of a group adults with autism and normal intellectual functioning, treated in a residential setting versus those treated in an out-patient setting. Both groups were compared with a control group using the Sternberg (1969) reaction time paradigm. It appeared that the in-patient group suffered from a divided attention deficit compared to a norm group. The patients treated in an out-patient setting scored in between the norm group and the in-patient group. Findings are discussed with respect to the relevance for the day to day clinical practice.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2002; 61 suppl 2:15-21)Keywords: divided attention, high functioning autism, reaction times
  • References (12)
    12 references, page 1 of 2

    1. APA (American Psychiatric Association): DSM-IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. Washington DC: APA 1994.

    2. Frith U. Asperger and his syndrome. In Frith U. (ed), Autism and Asperger syndrome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1991.

    3. Jolliffe T, Baron-Cohen S. Are people with autism and Asperger Syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1997; 38:5: 527-534.

    4. Rutter M, Bailey A. Thinking and relationships: mind and brain (some reflections on theory of mind and autism). In S.Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg & D.J.Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds. Oxford, New York, Tokyo: Oxford University Press1993.

    5. Baron-Cohen S, Swettenham J. Theory of Mind in autism: Its relationship to Executive Function and Central Coherence. In D.J.Cohen & F.R.Volkmar (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. New York: Wiley & Sons 1997; 880-893.

    6. Goldman-Rakic PS. Working memory and the mind. In Mind and brain. Readings from Scientific American. New York: Freeman Press1993.

    7. Sternberg S. Discovery of processing stages: Extensions of Donder's method. Acta Psychol 1969; 8: 276-315.

    8. Ciesielski KT, Knight JE, Prince RJ, Harris RJ, Handmaker SD. Event related potentials in cross-modal divided attention in autism. Neuropsychologia 1995, 33, 225-246.

    9. Casey BJ, Gordon CT, Mannheim GB, Rumsey JM. Dysfunctional attention in autistic savants. J Clin Exp Neuropychol 1993; 15: 933-46.

    10. Althaus M, De Sonneville LMJ, Minderaa RB, Hensen LGN, Til RB. Information processing and aspects of visual attention in children with the diagnosis 'Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified' (PDDNOS): I. Focused and divided attention. Neuropsychology 1996; 2: 17-21.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark