Some observations of intertidal communities on Spitsbergen (79°N), Norwegian Arctic

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Hansen, John Richard ; Haugen, Iwar (1989)

The zonation pattern of rocky shores on north-west Spitsbergen is described. Intertidal communities on protected sites have features remarkably similar to temperate areas. Black lichens dominate the littoral fringe, fucoids and gastropods the eulittoral zone, whereas upper sublittoral zone is occupied by kelp. The species composition seems to be typical for the Atlantic arctic areas.
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