Hygroscopic and CCN properties of aerosol particles in boreal forests
Aalto, P. P.
O'dowd, C. D.
- Publisher: Tellus B
(issn: 1600-0889, eissn: 0280-6509)
The measurements of the hygroscopic and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) properties of sub-micrometer atmospheric aerosol particles were performed with two tandem differential mobility analysers (TDMA) and a CCN counter at the Hyytiälä forest field station in south-central Finland during the BIOFOR campaign. The TDMAs were used to measure hygroscopic diameter growth factors of individual aerosol particles in the dry particle diameter range 10–365 nm when taken from the dry state (relative humidity RH <5%) to RH=90%. The CCN counter was used to study the activation of aerosol particles when exposed to supersaturated conditions. The measurements show clear diurnal pattern of particle solubility. The pattern was strongest for particles in nucleation and Aitken modes. The lowest growth factor (soluble fraction) values were detected during late evening and early morning and the maximum was observed during noon-afternoon. The highest soluble fractions were determined for nucleation mode particles. The response of hygroscopic growth to changes of relative humidity suggests that the soluble compounds are either fully soluble or deliquescent well before 70% RH. The hygroscopic growth was investigated additionally by a detailed model using the size-resolved composition from the impactor samples. The comparison between different instruments shows good consistency. We found good agreement for the 20 nm growth factors measured with two TDMAs, not only on average but also regarding the temporal variation. The similar conclusion was drawn for comparison of TDMA with CCNC for Aitken mode particles with dry sizes 50 and 73 nm. Differences between wet and dry spectra measured using APS and CSASP spectrometer probes were used to derive growth factors for coarse mode particles. Growth factors for coarse mode particles (Dp ca. 2 μm) ranged between 1.0 and 1.6. Agreement between the evolution of growth factors with time for both accumulation and coarse modes was observed regularly. However, similar portions of the data set also indicated clear differences and consequently different chemical compositions between both modes. When the differences between both modes were observed, the coarse mode always behaved in a less hygroscopic manner, with growth factors near one.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0889.2001.530404.x