Clinical simulation training improves the clinical performance of Chinese medical students

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Zhang, Ming-ya ; Cheng, Xin ; Xu, An-ding ; Luo, Liang-ping ; Yang, Xuesong (2015)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: Medical Education Online (issn: 1087-2981, vol: 20)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/meo.v20.28796, doi: 10.3402/meo.v%v.28796, pmc: PMC4609652
  • Subject: clinical skill training | Medical student; Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE); Clinical skill training; Simulation | Research Article | simulation | objective structured clinical examination | medical student
    mesheuropmc: education

Background: Modern medical education promotes medical students’ clinical operating capacity rather than the mastery of theoretical knowledge. To accomplish this objective, clinical skill training using various simulations was introduced into medical education to cultivate creativity and develop the practical ability of students. However, quantitative analysis of the efficiency of clinical skill training with simulations is lacking.Methods: In the present study, we compared the mean scores of medical students (Jinan University) who graduated in 2013 and 2014 on 16 stations between traditional training (control) and simulative training groups. In addition, in a clinical skill competition, the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores of participating medical students trained using traditional and simulative training were compared. The data were statistically analyzed and qualitatively described.Results: The results revealed that simulative training could significantly enhance the graduate score of medical students compared with the control. The OSCE scores of participating medical students in the clinical skill competition, trained using simulations, were dramatically higher than those of students trained through traditional methods, and we also observed that the OSCE marks were significantly increased for the same participant after simulative training for the clinical skill competition.Conclusions: Taken together, these data indicate that clinical skill training with a variety of simulations could substantially promote the clinical performance of medical students and optimize the resources used for medical education, although a precise analysis of each specialization is needed in the future.Keywords: medical student; objective structured clinical examination; clinical skill training; simulation(Published: 16 October 2015)Citation: Med Educ Online 2015, 20: 28796 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v20.28796
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