Bifurcations in a barotropic low-order model with self interaction

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HAARSMA, R. J. ; OPSTEEGH, J. D. (2011)

For finite equivalent depth, the shallow-water equations (SWE) exhibit instabilities based on dyad interactions. This process is called self-interaction. In the present paper, we investigate how the stationary states of a low-order spectral model based on the SWE on the sphere are affected by self-interaction. This is done by computing the bifurcation diagram for increasing strength of the forcing in one of the vorticity components. The instabilities occurring in this low-order system are topographic instability and self-interaction. Self-interaction generates saddle-node as well as Hopf bifurcations, resulting in multiple steady-states and limit cycles. For large values of the forcing, self interaction significantly affects the steady-state curve originating from topographic instability. Extrapolating these results to the real atmosphere, self-interaction may influence the atmosphere's nonlinear behaviour.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.1991.t01-3-00002.x
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