Production of a Broad Spectrum Antimicrobial Substance by Lactobacillus reuteri
Axelsson, L. T.
Chung, T. C.
Dobrogosz, W. J.
Lindgren, S. E.
- Publisher: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
(issn: 1651-2235, eissn: 1651-2235)
mesheuropmc: food and beverages | bacteria
Lactobacillus reuteri resides in the gastrointestinal tract of humans, swine, poultry and other animals. Resting cells of this species convert glycerol into a potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial substance termed reuterin. Reuterin is a low molecular weight, neutral, water soluble compound, capable of inhibiting growth of species representing all bacterial genera tested thus far, including: Escherichia, Salmonella, Shigella, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Clostridium and Staphylococcus. Also affected, but to a lesser degree, are lactic acid bacteria belonging to the genera Streptococcus, Pediococcus, Leuconostoc, and Lactobacillus. In this report we describe a method to screen lactobacilli for production of unique antimicrobial substances and the discovery of reuterin.Keywords: Lactobacillus reuteri: Antimicrobial substance; Reuterin; Broad-spectrum activity.