Sulfur budget above the Eastern Mediterranean: relative contribution of anthropogenic and biogenic sources

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Kouvarakis, G. ; Bardouki, H. ; Mihalopoulos, N. (2002)

To access the relative contribution of anthropogenic and biogenic sulfur sources to the sulfur budget in the Eastern Mediterranean, an area characterized by very high nss-SO2-4 levels, measurements of both wet and dry deposition of sulfur were performed at a remote area on the island of Crete (Finokalia) during a 3-yr period (1996–1999). The estimation of dry deposition is based on both gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO2) and particulate phase non-sea-salt sulfate (nss-SO2-4) and methane sulfonate (MSA) measurements. During the dry period, deposition of SO2 from long-range transport is the main component of anthropogenic sulfur deposition in the area. The results of the wet and dry deposition obtained at Finokalia have been compared with DMS emission from seawater obtained during two yearly surveys (1997–1998) in the Cretan Sea. Our results indicate that the contribution from biogenic sources to the sulfur budget in the Eastern Mediterranean, although negligible during winter, can account for up to 26% during summer.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0889.2002.01368.x
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