Potential future studies on the nutritional status among indigenous peoples in Alaska and the Russian Far East: preliminary assessment of the Social Transition in the North data set

Article English OPEN
Hamrick, Kari J. ; Smith, Janell (2004)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X, eissn: 1239-9736)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v63i0.17773
  • Subject: Alaska and Russian Indigenous communities, diet, nutrition, subsistence
    mesheuropmc: virus diseases | geographic locations

Objective. The purpose of this assessment is to examine the nutrition-related health data collected during the Social Transitions of the North (STN) study for understanding cultural differences between nations and the impact on nutritional status. Methods. The nutrition data in the STN study was collected in two regions of Alaska (Northwest Arctic and the Aleutian Islands) and in two regions of the Russian Far East (Kamchatka and Chukotka). The health questionnaire explored several factors that may contribute to identifying the nutritional status of the study populations. These factors were appetite, weight, subsistence food consumption, vitamin or mineral supplements use self-perception of health, special diets, and number of meals consumed with relatives. Results. US populations were heavier than the Russian population (p = 0.0001). Both the Alaskan and Russian populations are frequent users of subsistence foods. The US respondents reported consuming 75% or more of the total protein as subsistence protein more often (40%) than the Russian respondents (25%). Conclusion. US respondents perceive themselves as healthier than their Russian counterparts. The US respondents consumed greater amounts of subsistence foods in general, and more of their diet over the year is made up of Native protein.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2004; 63 suppl 1:43-48)Keywords: Alaska and Russian Indigenous communities, diet, nutrition, subsistence
  • References (9)

    1. Mason R. The social transition in the north project: possible directions for analysis. Report to the Alaska Native Science Commission. July 27, 1998.

    2. Mason, R, Overview of the social transitions in the north project, 1995-1998, this journal.

    3. Keys A, Fidanza F, Karvonen MJ, et al. Indices of relative weight and obesity. J Chronic Dis 1972;25:329-343.

    4. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative Expert Panel. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults.The evidence report. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI);1998 Jun. 228 p.

    5. Ebbesson, SO, Kennish J, Ebbesson L, Juenliang OG . Diabetes is Related to Fatty Acid Imbalance in Eskimos. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 1999; 58.

    6. Egeland, GM, Feyk LA, Middaugh JP.The Use of Traditional Foods in a Healthy Diet in Alaska.Anchorage, Section of Epidemiology,Alaska Division of Public Health, Department of Health and Social Services, State of Alaska 1998; 2: 1-140.

    7. Hansen JC, Pedersen HS, Mulvad G. Fatty acids and antioxidants in the Inuit diet. Their role in ischemic heart disease (IHD) and possible interactions with other dietary factors.A review.Arctic Med Res 1994; 53(1): 4-17.

    8. Campbell CC. Food Insecurity: a nutritional outcome or a predictor variable? Journal of Nutrition 1991;121(3): 408-15

    9. Young TK. Factor analysis of ethnic variation in the multiple metabolic (insulin resistance) syndrome in three Canadian populations. Am J Human Biol 2000; 14(5):649-658.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark