publication . Article . 2000

Preoperative nutrition therapy - novel developments

Ljungqvist, Olle; Nygren, Jonas; Hausel, Jonatan; Thorell, Anders;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2000 Journal: Näringsforskning, volume 44, pages 3-7 (issn: 0027-7878, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Elective surgery has until recently been performed in the overnight fasted state in order to reduce the risk of aspiration of gastric content during the induction of anaesthesia. However, in order to increase the preoperative well-being of surgical patients, most western countries have changed their routines during the last 10-15 years, allowing intake of clear fluids up to 2 hours before anaesthesia in most patients. Animal studies have demonstrated that undergoing different situations of stress in the fed state is superior to stress in the short-term fasted state. To evaluate whether this also applies to surgical patients, a series of clinical studies have bee...
free text keywords: Preoperative fasting, Perioperative, Carbohydrate loading, Medical nutrition therapy, Surgery, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Surgical stress, Diabetes mellitus, medicine.disease, Elective surgery, Insulin resistance, business.industry, business
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publication . Article . 2000

Preoperative nutrition therapy - novel developments

Ljungqvist, Olle; Nygren, Jonas; Hausel, Jonatan; Thorell, Anders;