Numerical Weather Map Analysis

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Bergthórsson, Páll ; Döös, Bo R. (2011)

A method to analyze upper air charts numerically is presented. The analysis is expressed by the height values of the pressure surface in gridpoints. The computed height in a gridpoint is obtained as a weighted mean of height values derived from the surrounding height and wind observations, the forecast height in the point and the corresponding normal height. Nine 500 mb maps are analyzed with the aid of the Swedish computor BESK, six of these consecutive. The size of the grid was 32 × 41 points. The analyses have been compared with two independent conventional analyses. The mean values of the root mean square of the differences between the numerical and the conventional analyses were 26 m and 24 m respectively and 26 m between the two conventional ones. The root mean square of the differences between the observed and analyzed heights was 22 m in the mean. This is roughly what should be expected judging from the existing knowledge about observation errors. Three barotropic forecasts have been computed from the numerical analyses. They are compared with the corresponding numerical forecasts from conventionally analyzed maps. It was not possible to find any significant difference between the goodness of the forecasts based on the numerical analyses and the conventional analyses.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1955.tb01170.x
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