publication . Article . 2011

Fog deposition fluxes of water and ions to a mountainous site in Central Europe

Otto Klemm; Thomas Wrzesinsky;
Open Access
  • Published: 30 Dec 2011 Journal: Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, volume 59, pages 705-714 (eissn: 1600-0889, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Abstract
Fog and precipitation composition and deposition were measured over a 1-yr period. Ion concentrations were higher in fog than in precipitation by factors of between 6 and 18. The causes of these differences were less dilution of fog water due to non-availability of condensable water vapour, and more efficient transfer of surface emissions to fog water as compared to rain water or snow. Fogwater and dissolved ions depositions were measured with eddy covariance in combination with a bulk fogwater collector. Annual fogwater deposition was 9.4% that of precipitation. The annual deposition of ions through fog was of the same order as that for precipitation. Ammonium,...
Subjects
free text keywords: Atmospheric Science, Liquid water content, Atmospheric sciences, Water vapor, Eddy covariance, Environmental science, Snow, Atmospheric chemistry, Hydrology, Niebla, biology.organism_classification, biology, Flux (metallurgy), Precipitation
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