Psychiatric disorders of children and adolescents - a growing problem at school

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Pönkkö, Maija-Leena ; Ebeling, Hanna ; Taanila, Anja ; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa (2002)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v61i1.17400
  • Subject: behavioural problem, mental health services, psychiatric disorder, school-aged children
    mesheuropmc: education

The purpose is to present the views of comprehensive school and senior secondary school teachers working in the Oulu province in Northern Finland concerning the behavioural and emotional disorders of their pupils, the actions taken by teachers to refer pupils for consultation, and the functionality of mental health services. The data were collected by questionnaires in 1998 and 2000. According to the teachers' estimates, the behavioural and emotional disorders of pupils have both increased in number and become more severe at all levels of primary and secondary education. The teachers of comprehensive schools and special schools mostly contacted the parents when a pupil was found to have psychiatric symptoms. At the early stages of referral the teachers often also consulted with the pupil welfare team for support. The teachers of senior secondary schools contacted primarily the school nurse and secondarily the parents. Teachers were content with the psychiatric health care services if their pupils benefited from them, but the availability of services and the flow of information were problems. It was also difficult to decide when to refer a pupil for consultation and treatment. The responsibilities and obligations for the availability and functionality of mental health services for children and adolescents were re-defined and specified in a statute enforced as of January 2001. The question is how can we convert responsibilities and obligations into practical action?(Int J Circumpolar Health 2002; 61(1):6-16)Keywords: behavioural problem, mental health services, psychiatric disorder, school-aged children
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    6. Piha J, Kaivosoja M, Salomaa K. Lasten mielenterveyspalveluselvitys.TAKES, Sosiaali- In 1998, the teachers estimated 7 % of the pupils in primaja terveysalan tutkimus- ja kehittämiskeskus, r y, junior secondar y, and senior secondar y schools to have

    7. APöihnekiktaö2M00-L0,; M4.oring J. Lasten, nuorten ja psychiatric disorders, while the corresponding percentage aikuisten psykiatria:Tutkimusten ja hoidon in the re-inquir y was about 8 %. In 2000, junior secondar y selvittäminen, kehittäminen ja arviointi school teachers repor ted behavioural and emotional disvPuoohsjoinisa-1P9o9hj8a-n2m00aa0n. Psaoihrajoainsh-Pooithojpainirmisasaän orders at all class levels. According to the re-inquir y, there sairaanhoitopiirin julkaisuja 2000; 9. were more pupils with problems at all school levels than in

    8. Selvitysmiesraportti 1. Asiakkaan asema 1998. terveydenhuollossa.Terveydenhuollon Teachers' assessment of the frequency of behavioural kmeihniitsttäemriiös,pHroejelskintik.iS.oTsyiöaarlyih- mjaätmeruviestyiso-ita and emotional disorders among primar y and secondar y 1998:1. school pupils was, even in the re-inquir y, lower (about 8

    9. Selvitysmiesraportti 2.Terveydenhuollon %) than in epidemiological studies (4, 5, 14). According to tmoiismpirvoujeuks.tiT.eSrovseiyadalei-nhjautoelrlovneyksemhiinttiäst-eriö, Ikäheimo (1), for example, 4 % of children have serious Helsinki.Työryhmämuistioita 1998:2. mental health problems, while more than 20 % may have

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