Inuit women`s health in Nunavut, Canada: a review of the literature

Article English OPEN
Healey, Gwen K. ; Meadows, Lynn M. (2007)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v66i3.18256
  • Subject: health; Inuit; women

OBJECTIVES: Inuit women face challenging health and wellness issues in Northern communities. Literature examining these contexts and the processes through which health is affected is virtually non-existent. The objective [corrected] of this review is to examine and consolidate the available literature on Inuit women`s health issues from the last decade in order to identify priorities for future research. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a review of literature from the last decade. Inuit women`s health issues that have been raised in the literature and in various reports are examined within a health-determinants framework. METHODS: Government reports and statistics, publications by Inuit organizations and publications available on MEDLINE were examined for this review. RESULTS: Inuit women`s health is a crucial part of the health of their communities. Inuit women face serious health issues related to reproductive and sexual health, such as high rates of sexually transmitted infections and challenging circumstances surrounding childbirth. Wellness, suicide and stress are more significant issues for Inuit women compared with non-Inuit women. Food security and accessibility is an issue for all Northerners. Alcohol and substance abuse and exposure to violent situations endanger both the health and safety of Inuit women in many Northern communities. CONCLUSIONS: There exists an urgent need to better understand the mechanisms through which determinants of health affect Inuit women. As well as adding to the body of knowledge on health determinants in Canada, further examining these issues will provide valuable information for health policy decision-makers and program development in the North and facilitate the direction of resources to the necessary areas of health services provision in Nunavut.Keywords: health; Inuit; women(Int J Circumpolar Health 2007; 66(3):199-214)
  • References (65)
    65 references, page 1 of 7

    1. Arctic Council. Arctic Human Development Report; 2004; 155-168. Reykjavik, Arctic Council.

    2. Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). What determines health? Health Canada, Government of Canada. 2005. Accessed: May 13, 2006: http://www. phac-aspc.gc.ca/ph-sp/phdd/determinants.

    3. Nunavut Department of Health and Social Services (NDH&SS). Social Determinants of Health in Nunavut - Workshop report March 8-10, 2005 Iqaluit NU. 1-27. Government of Nunavut.

    4. Tester f J, McNicoll P. Isumagijaksaq: mindful of the state: social constructions of Inuit suicide. Soc Sci Med 2004; 58(12): 2625-36.

    5. Evans, R.G., Marmor, T. & Barer, M. (Eds) Why Are Some People Healthy and Others Not?: The Determinants of Health of Populations. New Jersey: Aldine Transaction. 378 pp.

    6. Robinson Vollman, A., Anderson, E. T., & Mcf arlane, J. Canadian Community as Partner. Phildelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2004. 512 pp.

    7. World Health Organization (WHO). The determinants of health. 2006 Accessed March 20, 2007: http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/

    8. Morrison D Canadian Inuit History: A Thousand Year Odyssey. 2005. Canadian Museum of Civilization Online Resource (www.civilization.ca) Accessed: January 29, 2005

    9. Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) Meeting of Two Worlds. 2005. Accessed March 20, 2007: http://www.itk.ca/ english/inuit_canada/history/worlds.htm.

    10. Kirmayer LJ, Brass GM, Tait CL. The mental health of aboriginal peoples: Transformations of identity and community. Can J Psychiatry 2000; 45: 607-616.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark