Effect of Brief Behavioral Intervention Program in Managing Stress in Medical Students from Two Southern California Universities

Article English OPEN
Bughi, Stephanie A. ; Sumcad, Jennifer ; Bughi, Stefan (2009)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: Medical Education Online (issn: 1087-2981, eissn: 1087-2981)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/meo.v11i.4593
  • Subject:
    mesheuropmc: education

The study aims to assess 1) the prevalence of stress among a group of third and fourth year medical students (MS) from two Southern California universities and 2) the effect of a brief behavioral intervention program (BBIP) on stress management among the students instructed on stress intervention techniques. The stress level was determined by using the General Well Being Scale (GWBS), a self-report questionnaire designed by the National Center for Health Statistics.1 The stress testing was done prior to the psycho-educational lecture on stress. The prevalence of stress and the variation of stress based on gender, academic year (third vs. fourth year) and time of testing (beginning vs. end of rotation) was measured in 104 medical students. To assess the effect of the psycho-educational lectures on stress, the last 32 students who rotated in our service had the pre-test and the lecture at the beginning of the rotation and the post-test at the end of the rota­tion. Among the medical students studied, 53/104 (51%) reported stress; among this group, 20/53 (37.7%) reported severe stress or distress. The prevalence of stress in this group of students was not significantly different if the stress level was measured at the beginning (46.9%) vs. the end of the rotation (52.8%, p = 0.57). The total stress score was lower (suggesting higher stress) in the fourth vs. third year MS (69.7+/-16.3 vs. 73.2+/-12.7, p=0.2), and in female students vs. male students (69.9+/-14.5 vs. 73.7+/-13.8, p=0.17). Female students, when compared to their male counterparts, had a lower anxiety score (12.2+/-4.4 vs. 15.4+/-4.3, p
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