Estimation of traditional food intake in indigenous communities in Denendeh and the Yukon

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Batal, Malek ; Gray-Donald, Katherine ; Kuhnlein, Harriet V. ; Receveur, Olivier (2005)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X, eissn: 1239-9736)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v64i1.17953
  • Subject: Canada, Denendeh, food intake, Indigenous People, traditional food, Yukon
    mesheuropmc: digestive, oral, and skin physiology

Objectives. Chronic non-communicable diseases related to excessive or unbalanced dietary intakes are on the rise among some Indigenous populations in Canada. Nutritional problems of Indigenous peoples arise in the transition from a traditional diet to a market diet characterized by highly processed foods with reduced nutrient density. This study aimed at assessing traditional food intake of Indigenous people in 18 communities. Study design. This study was cross-sectional with a sample size of 1,356. Methods. This study used food frequency and 24-hour recall questionnaires to quantify traditional food intake in 18 communities in the McKenzie basin of the Northwest Territories (Denendeh and the Yukon). Results. Typical daily intakes of groups of traditional food items were generated and intake of an extensive list of traditional food detailed for adult men and women. Per capita intake of traditional food items was also calculated. Conclusion. Reliance on traditional food intake is still high in Denendeh, as well as in the Yukon. The detailed description of the traditional food system presented here allows an accurate identification of the contribution of traditional food items to nutrient and contaminant intake by Indigenous people for future studies.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2005; 64(1):46-54)Keywords: Canada, Denendeh, food intake, Indigenous People, traditional food, Yukon
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