Observations of a mountain-wave event over the Pyrenees

Article English OPEN
Hoinka, Klaus P. (2011)

An analysis of data obtained from instrumented aircraft is performed. These data were gathered on flights in a mountain wave above the Pyrenees during ALPEX on March 23, 1982. The observed two and three-dimensional thermal and dynamical structure of the flow is presented. Beneath 7 km altitude, strong three-dimensional response in the atmosphere can be seen in the wind and temperature fields. It appears that the response is almost two-dimensional above this height. Rather pronounced lee waves are found in the lower troposphere. Moreover, a mountain wave with moderate amplitude is apparent, which becomes stronger with reversed phase near the tropopause. The phaselines of the waves are tilted vertically upstreamwards indicating downward flux of momentum. Another observed feature is the destabilization of the troposphere in the lee of the barrier. Emphasis is placed on the determination of the downward flux of momentum due to the waves.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.1984.tb00255.x
  • References (13)
    13 references, page 1 of 2

    Blumen, W. and Cox, K. w. 1984. Analysis of a stretched variable transfkumation of Scorer's equation for use of the mountain kc wave studies.J.Afmos. Sci. 41, in press.

    Eliassen, A. and Palm, E. 1961. On the transfer of energy in stationary mountain waves. Geo/s. Pub/. 22 No.3, 1-23.

    Hoinka, K.P. 1980. Synoptic-scaleatmosphericfeatures and foehn. Conirib.Amos. Phys. 53,486407.

    Julian, P. J. 1975. Comments on the determination of significancelevels of the coherence statistics. J.Amos. Sci. 32,836-837.

    Kennedy, P. J. 1982. An ALPEX aircrafl atlas. NCAR, Boulder, Co., July 1982.

    Kuettner, J. P. ed. 1982. Preliminary Results of ALPEX. GARP Pub/. Ser., GARP-ALPEX Report No.7.

    Kuettner, J. P. and Lilly, D.K. 1968. Lee waves in the Colorado Rockies. Wearherwise27, 180- 198.

    Kung, E. C. 1968. On the momentum exchange between the atmosphere and earth over the northern hemisphere. Mon. Wea.Rev. 96,337-34 1.

    Lilly, D. K. 1978. A severe downslope windstorm and aircran turbulenceevent induced by a mountain wave. J. Almos. Sci. 35.59-77.

    Lilly, D.K. and Kennedy, P. J. 1973. Observationsof a stationary mountain wave and its associated momentum flux and energy dissipation. J. Amos. Sci. 30. 1135-1 152.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark