Quality of life among pulmonary hypertension patients in Finland

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Kukkonen, Merja ; Puhakka, Airi ; Halme, Maija (2016)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ecrj.v3i0.26405
  • Subject: PH; PAH; QoL; IPAH; APAH; CTEPH
    mesheuropmc: humanities

Background: The purpose of the study was to examine pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients’ quality of life (QOL) for the first time in Finland.Methods: This was a non-interventional, cross-sectional study. The SF-36v2 questionnaire was sent to the PH patients who had been referred to or followed up on at the Helsinki University Central Hospital’s pulmonary clinic for idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (APAH), or chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH). The patients were on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) – specific drugs, were at least 18 years old, and had signed an informed consent.Results: There were 62 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and 53% of respondents rated their health as moderate. Similarly, 55% of respondents rated their health status approximately the same compared to their situation 1 year ago. QOL was impaired in all other subscales, except for the mental health and mental component score. A majority of patients suffered from PH symptoms, which worsened their QOL. The greatest impact on their QOL was associated with a high World Health Organization (WHO) functional class (FC), poor performance in a 6-min walking test (6MWT), symptoms, oxygen therapy, elevated pro-brain natriuretic peptide, pericardial effusion, APAH etiology, and being retired from work.Conclusions: The respondents had a reduced QOL, compared to the general population, in all other subscales, except for mental health. APAH patients had the worst QOL. Good results in functional capacity measures (WHO FC, 6MWT) were associated with a better QOL. Patients’ QOL can be improved by reducing the symptoms of PAH.Keywords: PH; PAH; QOL; IPAH; APAH; CTEPH(published: 18 January 2016)Citation: European Clinical Respiratory Journal 2016, 3: 26405 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ecrj.v3.26405
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