E. B. Baldwin and the American–Norwegian discovery and exploration of Graham Bell Island, 1899

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Capelotti, P. J. (2006)

This next paper in Polar Research’s series of not-formallyreviewed biographical/historical articles comes to us from anthropologist Pete Capelotti, who specializes in the history of exploration. In 1993, he conducted archaeological research on the base camps of the Andrée and Wellman polar balloon expeditions at Virgohamna, Danskøya, Svalbard. In this account of Walter Wellman’s attempt to reach the North Pole from Franz Josef Land in 1898–99, he examines the lone success in that effort, when one American and four Norwegians discovered and explored the last large island in the archipelago.
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    Alme, H. H. 1998: Om Spitsbergen og den Wellmanske polarekspedisjon. (Spitsbergen and the Wellman Polar Expedition.) Skien, Norway: Vågemot miniforlag.

    Anonymous n.d.: Conditions for engaging the men to the Wellman Polar Expedition. 1894/1898. Baldwin Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Washington D. C.

    Baldwin, E. B. 1896: The search for the North Pole. Chicago: Privately printed.

    Baldwin, E. B. 1899a: Report on auroras. Baldwin Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Washington, D. C.

    Baldwin, E. B. 1899b: Discovery of Graham Bell Land. Baldwin Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Washington, D. C.

    Baldwin, E. B. 1901a: Short autobiographical sketch-Evelyn Briggs Baldwin, for William Ziegler, Esq. Baldwin Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Washington, D. C.

    Baldwin, E. B. 1901b: Meterological observations of the Second Wellman Expedition. In: Report of the Chief of the Weather Bureau, 1899-1900. Part VII. Pp. 354-356. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office.

    Baldwin, E. B. 2004: The Franz Josef Land archipelago: E. B. journal of the Wellman Polar Expedition, 1898-1899. P. J. Capelotti (ed.). Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc.

    Barnard, L. F. n.d.: MS 1514. Papers. Scott Polar Research Institute. (These papers were uncatalogued as of September 2005. From the family of one of the members of the Baldwin-Ziegler expedition to Franz Josefl Land in 1901-03, they present a highly critical view of Baldwin's leadership during that expedition.)

    Barr, S. 1995: The history of Western activity in Franz Josef Land. In S. Barr (ed.): Franz Josef Land. Polarhåndbok 8. Pp. 59-106. Oslo: Norwegian Polar Institute.

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