1D-Var temperature retrievals from microwave radiometer and convective scale model

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Martinet, Pauline ; Dabas, Alain ; Donier, Jean-Marie ; Douffet, Thierry ; Garrouste, Olivier ; Guillot, Rémi (2015)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: Tellus A (issn: 1600-0870, eissn: 0280-6495)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v%v.27925
  • Subject: Meteorology; Numerical Weather Prediction | remote sensing, data assimilation, radiative transfer

This paper studies the potential of ground-based microwave radiometers (MWR) for providing accurate temperature retrievals by combining convective scale numerical models and brightness temperatures (BTs). A one-dimensional variational (1D-Var) retrieval technique has been tested to optimally combine MWR and 3-h forecasts from the French convective scale model AROME. A microwave profiler HATPRO (Humidity and Temperature PROfiler) was operated during 6 months at the meteorological station of Bordeaux (Météo France). MWR BTs were monitored against simulations from the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Simulator 2 radiative transfer model. An overall good agreement was found between observations and simulations for opaque V-band channels but large errors were observed for channels the most affected by liquid water and water vapour emissions (51.26 and 52.28 GHz). 1D-Var temperature retrievals are performed in clear-sky and cloudy conditions using a screening procedure based on cloud base height retrieval from ceilometer observations, infrared radiometer temperature and liquid water path derived from the MWR observations. The 1D-Var retrievals were found to improve the AROME forecasts up to 2 km with a maximum gain of approximately 50 % in root-mean-square-errors (RMSE) below 500 m. They were also found to outperform neural network retrievals. A static bias correction was proposed to account for systematic instrumental errors. This correction was found to have a negligible impact on the 1D-Var retrievals. The use of low elevation angles improves the retrievals up to 12 % in RMSE in cloudy-sky in the first layers. The present implementation achieved a RMSE with respect to radiosondes within 1 K in clear-sky and 1.3 K in cloudy-sky conditions for temperature.Keywords: remote sensing, radiative transfer, data assimilation, AROME(Published: 8 September 2015)Citation: Tellus A 2015, 67, 27925, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v67.27925
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