The potential impact of climate on human exposure to contaminants in the Arctic

Article English OPEN
Kraemer, Lisa D. ; Berner, James E. ; Furgal, Christopher M. (2005)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health (issn: 1797-237X, eissn: 1239-9736)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/ijch.v64i5.18031
  • Subject: climate change, indigenous people, Inuit, models, traditional food
    mesheuropmc: fungi

Many northern indigenous populations are exposed to elevated concentrations of contaminants through traditional food and many of these contaminants come from regions exterior to the Arctic. Global contaminant pathways include the atmosphere, ocean currents, and river outflow, all of which are affected by climate. In addition to these pathways, precipitation, animal availability, UV radiation, cryosphere degradation and human industrial activities in the North are also affected by climate change. The processes governing contaminant behaviour in both the physical and biological environment are complex and therefore, in order to understand how climate change will affect the exposure of northern people to contaminants, we must have a better understanding of the processes that influence how contaminants behave in the Arctic environment. Furthermore, to predict changes in contaminant levels, we need to first have a good understanding of current contaminant levels in the Arctic environment, biota and human populations. For this reason, it is critical that both spatial and temporal trends in contaminant levels are monitored in the environment, biota and human populations from all the Arctic regions.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2005; 64(5):498-508)Keywords: climate change, indigenous people, Inuit, models, traditional food
  • References (61)
    61 references, page 1 of 7

    1. Van Oostdam JC, Dewailly É, Gilman A, et al. Circumpolar maternal blood contaminant survey, 1994- 1997 organochlorine compounds. Sci Tot Environ 2004; 330: 55-70.

    2. Revich, BA. Public health and ambient air pollution in Arctic and Subarctic cities of Russia. Sci Tot Environ 1995; 160/161: 585-592.

    3. Van Oostdam, J, Gilman A, Dewailly É, et al. Human health implications of environmental contaminants in Arctic Canada: a review. Sci Tot Environ 1999; 230: 1-82.

    4. Johansen P, Muir D, Asmund G, Riget F. Human exposure to contaminants in the traditional Greenland diet. Sci Tot Environ 2004; 331: 189-206.

    5. Dewailly É, Nantel A, Bruneau S, Laliberté C, Ferron L, Gingras S. Breast milk contamination by PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs in Arctic Québec: a preliminary assessment. Chemosphere 1992; 25: 1245-1249.

    6. Dallaire F, Dewailly É, Muckle G, et al. Acute infections and environmental exposure to organochlorines in Inuit infants from Nunavik. Environ Health Perspect 2004; 112: 1359-1364.

    7. Despres C, Beuter A, Richer F, et al. Neuromotor functions in Inuit preschool children exposed to Pb, PCBs, and Hg. Neurotoxicol Teratol 2005; 27: 245- 257.

    8. Receveur O, Boulay M, Kuhnlein HV. Decreasing traditional food use affects diet quality for adult Dene/ Métis in 16 communities of the Canadian Northwest Territories. J Nutr 1997; 127: 2179-2186.

    9. Dewailly É, Blanchet C, Lemieux S, et al. n-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Inuit of Nunavik. Am J Clin Nutr 2001; 74: 464-473.

    10. CACAR. Northern Contaminants program: Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report. Dept. of Indian and Northern Affaires. 2003.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark