Analysis of satellite-observed tropical cloud clusters II. Thermal, moisture and precipitation

Article English OPEN
Ruprecht, Eberhard ; Gray, William M. (2011)

This paper discusses the temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall characteristics of the summertime satellite-observed tropical weather systems in the Western Pacific and the West Indies. Comparisons are made with the Jordan (1958) mean West Indies sounding. Practically no temperature differences are found between the cloud cluster, the cloud cluster environment, and the clear regions. The primary differences between these weather systems is in the middle level moisture contents. It is shown that the typical variability of individual soundings parameters within each weather system type is larger than the mean parameter difference between systems. The rainfall within the tropical cloud cluster is shown to be highly concentrated. A large diurnal variation of cloud cluster rainfall and convergence is shown and discussed.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1976.tb00690.x
  • References (16)
    16 references, page 1 of 2

    Atkinson, G. D. 1971. Forecaster's guide to tropical meteorology. Air Weather Service (MAC) U.S. Air Force.

    Cox, S. K. 1971. Infrared radiation models for the tropics. Proceedings of the Miami Workshop on Remote Sensing. NOAA ERL Research Report, available from NOAA, Boulder, CO, pp. 161-178.

    Gray, W. M. e t al. 1975. Relative humidity in tropical weather systems. Mon. Wea. Rev. 103 685-690.

    Jacobson, R. & Gray, W. M. 1976. Diurnal variation of Oceanic Deep Cumulus Convection. Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Research Report No. 243. 106 pp.

    Jordan, C. L. 1958. Mean soundings for the West Indies area. J . Meteor. 15, 91-92.

    Lopez, R. E. 1973. Cumulus convection and larger scale circulations. Part 11: Cumulus and mesoscale interactions. Mon. Wea. Rev. 101, 856-870.

    Martin, D. W. & Suomi, V. E. 1972. A satellite study of cloud clusters over the tropical north Atlantic Ocean. Bull. Amer. Meteor. SOC5. 3 , 135-156.

    Reed, R. J. & Recker, E. E . 1971. Structure and properties of synopticscale wave disturbances in the equatorial western Pacific. J . Atmos. Sci. 28, 1117-1133.

    Riehl, H. 1954. Tropical meteorology. McGraw-Hill, New York, 394 pp.

    Riehl, H. & Pearce, R. P. 1968. Studies on the interaction between synoptic and mesoscale weather elements in the tropics. Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Research Report No. 126.

  • Similar Research Results (2)
  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark