Evaluating Attitudes of First-Year Residents to Shared Decision Making
Caldwell, Jon G.
- Publisher: Medical Education Online
Medical Education Online,
(issn: 1087-2981, eissn: 1087-2981)
Research Article | Education | Internship and Residency | Physician-Patient Relations | Medical Residency | Patient Participation/methods | Training | Physician's Role/psychology | Physicians | Decision Making | Interviews/methods | Communication | Patient Participation/psychology | Internship
Objective - Shared decision making (SDM) is recognized as an ideal model of patient-physician interaction, yet clinical application occurs infrequently. The current study evaluated attitudes of first-year residents to identify potential barriers and opportunities regarding SDM. Methods - A total of 70 residents attending orientation at the University of Utah completed a questionnaire that elicited their understanding of SDM, perceptions about the importance of SDM, confidence in utilizing SDM, and reasons for lacking confidence. Results - Most residents reported no prior SDM education (N=42, 60%) or training (N=46, 66%), yet 67 (96%) of them could recognize it in a clinical vignette. Using a Likert scale, the majority of residents (91% to 99%) attributed importance to SDM principles, and most (79% to 90%) indicated confidence in applying them. Lack of training was reported as a barrier by 40 (57%) residents. Conclusions - A minority of residents reported formal education or training in SDM, yet the vast majority recognized and valued the model. A large percentage of residents expressed confidence in their abilities to incorporate SDM into patient care, but many also identified a need for more education and training. Keyword: Decision Making, Interviews/methods, Patient Participation/methods, Physician-Patient Relations, Patient Participation/psychology, Physician’s Role/psychology, Communication, Physicians, Education, Training, Internship and Residency, Internship, Medical Residency