Body composition, dietary intake and estimated energy expenditure in female patients on geriatric rehabilitation wards

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Olsson, Erika ; Karlström, Brita (2003)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: Food & Nutrition Research (issn: 1654-661X, eissn: 1654-6628)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3402/fnr.v47i4.1491

Background: An adequate nutritional status is a prerequisite for successful rehabilitation. Objective: To examine body composition, to investigate nutritional intake, to calculate energy expenditure in elderly females at a geriatric rehabilitation clinic, to classify whether they were considered as undernourished or at risk of becoming undernourished, and to investigate the subjects’ opinions on diet-related issues. Design: 20 patients aged 82±6 (mean±/SD) years participated. Percentage body fat was calculated from skinfold thickness measurements, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and a combination of the two in a multicompartment model. Dietary intake was assessed through a 7 day food record. Energy expenditure was calculated with three established formulae and physical activity level (PAL) factors of 1.2 and 1.4. Questions were asked on diet-related issues. Results: Average BMI was 23.7±4.5 kg m-2 and four subjects had BMI
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