Kantian Ethics And Jain Spiritual-Ethical Conducts
Mishra, Prof. Pratibha J.
- Publisher: Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Social Sciences; Socio-cultural Studies | ethical thinking, Critique of pure Reason, Practical reason, Judgement, Goodwill, Categorical imperative.
The name of Kant, a German philosopher (1724-1804) is immortal in the history of modern western Philosophy. Prime reason for this has been his simple life of abstinence and continuous ethical thinking. He lived a much disciplined life. He is believed to have practiced his routine life more strictly than the watch itself. From waking up in the morning to going to the bed at night, every minute of his day and life was fixed for specific jobs which he always did without fail. It is said that people used to set right time on their watches by observing his movements. Due to his simplicity, stricit discipline in life and solitude loving nature he was called 'saint of Konigsburg'. He spent his entire life in Konigsburg. There does not appear any philosopher in western thought with a stature comparable with the high stature of Kant. Will Durant, a western scholar, has rightly remarked that to be a philosopher today one must first become a disciple of Kant.
'Critique of Pure Reason', 'Critique of Practical Reason' and 'Critique of Judgement' are immortal works produced by Kant. The first of these works deals with epistemology, second work with Ethics and the third one with aesthetics. First analyzes the 'true' second the 'being' and third the 'good'. There are there fundamental questions in Kant's philosophy: What can we know? What can we do and what can we become? These three works deal respectively with the answers to these three fundamental questions.