Chishti and Shattari Saints of Malwa: Relations with the State
Hasan, Syed Bashir
- Publisher: Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
(issn: 2319-5614, eissn: 2319-5614)
The vast region of Malwa, which became an independent Muslim Kingdom at the beginning of the fifteenth century and later on annexed to the Mughal empire as its suba under Akbar, attracted the Sufis to take up their abode there from the early fourteenth century. With the establishment of the different sufi orders in Malwa particularly the Chishti and the Shattari, a distinct culture in this territory began to develop. The lives of the sufis, their attitude towards the people, rulers and members of the state bureaucracy has been an important aspect of discussion among scholars in order to assess the influence and role of these spiritual kings in State matters and socio-cultural life of the people. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the lives of the sufis of Malwa and their attitude towards state and the bureaucracy so that their role and influence in this part of the country may be assessed and highlighted. The paper is divided into two parts, the first deals with the Chishti sufis and the second one with the Shattari sufis.