Emergence Of Electricity Crisis In Zimbabwe, Reform Response And Cost Implications
- Publisher: Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
(issn: 2319-5614, eissn: 2319-5614)
Business Management | Power outages, SAPP, ZESA, Electricity Crisis, load shedding
Zimbabwes electricity sector requires substantial investment and reforms if adequate supply is to be attained. Power outages have been high and are still affecting firms (industry), famers, mines and households. Zimbabwe imports about 50% of its electricity needs, with total current demand of over 2100MW compared to available capacity from internal sources of 1100MW. The local generation capacity is constrained by lack of spares, maintenance, vandalism and obsolete equipment. The country has a staggering electricity debt to regional power utilities; Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) with other members cutting power supply. Zimbabwes electricity is generated internally from hydro power (Kariba) and thermal power plants (Hwange). Tariff reforms implemented failed to solve the problem. The damage caused the crisis is severe with both direct and indirect cost being experienced.