ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION FROM ABOVE-GROUND PART OF MELISSA OFFICINALIS L.IN THE VICINITY OF KRASNOYARSK BY GC/MS-METHOD

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Ефремов (Efremov), Александр (Aleksandr) Алексеевич (Alekseevich) ; Зыкова (Zykova), Ирина (Irina) Дементьевна (Dement'evna) ; Горбачев (Gorbachev), Александр (Aleksandr) (2014)
  • Publisher: Altai State University
  • Journal: Khimiia rastitel'nogo syr'ia (Chemistry of plant raw material) (issn: 1029-5143, eissn: 1029-5151)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.14258/jcprm.201501415
  • Subject: Melissa officinalis, эфирное масло, компонентный состав | Melissa officinalis, essential oil, component composition

The method of exhaustive water and steam distillation was used for isolation of essential oil above-ground part of Melissa officinalis L. in the vicinity of Krasnoyarsk. The chemical components of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS and 47 substances were identified. The main components of essential oil – citronellol (36,71%) and geraniol (27,20%). Moreover, in the oil contains 10 components containing more than 1% of all oil components: benzyl alcohol (1,67%), linalool (1,75%), citronellal (1,44%), neral (3,33%), geranial (4,39%), caryophyllene (3,73%), caryophyllene oxide (1,40%), dibutyl phthalate (1,36%), iso-butyl phthalic acid ester (2,45%) and phytol (2,55%). Chemical components of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. showed significant differences in climatic and ecological conditions. 
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