The Ability to Recognize Other People’s Needs From the Point of View of Kindergarten Children
- Publisher: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce
Elementary Education in Theory and Practice
(issn: 2353-7787, eissn: 1896-2327)
Education | kindergarten; kindergarten education; social behavior; altruizm; ability | pedagogika | przedszkole; wychowanie przedszkolne; zachowania prospołeczne; altruizm; zdolność
The aim of this article is to answer the question of whether kindergarten children are able to recognize other people’s needs, a prerequisite for social behavior. Psychological and pedagogical literature vouch for that ability and state that teaching children to recognize other people’s needs is an important pedagogical task for both parents and the institution of the kindergarten. To verify that claim, a survey of 72 kindergarten children aged 5 and 6 was conducted and the diagnostic survey method employed included the exemlaficta test with 2 illustrated situational stories. The results of the survey confirmed the ability to recognize other people’s needs as one of the components of social behavior. It was determined that it is influenced by both individual characteristics as well as the pedagogical impact connected to the family and kindergarten environment. Taking under consideration the analysis of children’s motivation when helping, it can be stated that most of the children were taking action due to altruistic motivations. The results lead to a satisfying conclusion that children aged 5 and 6 are able to provide help as a reaction to other people’s needs.