The current state of research on homeschooling of polish children since the 18th century until the beginning of the 20th century in the polish historiography

Article Polish OPEN
Jakubiak, Krzysztof (2016)
  • Publisher: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce
  • Journal: Elementary Education in Theory and Practice (issn: 2353-7787, eissn: 1896-2327)
  • Subject: Education | homeschooling; school education; the Polish territories during the partitions; the second half of the 19th century; the early 20th century; educational views | Pedagogika | edukacja domowa; kształcenie szkolne; ziemie polskie pod zaborami; II połowa XIX wieku; początek XX wieku; poglądy pedagogiczne

In the era of the contemporary crisis of educational and didactic school functions, undertaking research on family as an environment organizing and conducting home based learning is fully justified, not only due to cognitive reasons. Hitherto not yet rich output concerning the history of Polish homeschooling since the end of the 18th century until the beginning of the 20th century, fully justifies undertaking further research on this educational phenomenon still underestimated in Poland. Homeschooling phenomenon has a fine tradition. Over the centuries, it was initiated by diverse factors and it had a different social scope. In Poland, it has functioned beside public education since the period of the Republic of Poland. In contrast to nations with incessant sovereignty, where homeschooling has had a dimension of exclusivity, in the 19th and 20th centuries (the Second World War and the period of the Polish People’s Republic) the Polish organised this form of education more out of necessity in opposition to partitioners and invaders. Our knowledge concerning the history of Polish home schooling as well as its contemporary state is significantly insufficient. There are numerous stereotypes and simplified judgments on the subject. The indicated and discussed studies here significantly enrich our hitherto knowledge about the history of homeschooling and although they do not provide fully satisfactory answers to research questions, they constitute remarkable achievements in the process of erasing blank pages in the Polish educational historiography. All the more, this unjustly still nowadays neglected form of education will soon become common since a growing number of students are temporarily or permanently unable to attend school. Additionally, more and more parents want to take the opportunity of homeschooling their children in their homes.
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