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Struggles of Ugandan Adolescents in Accessing Sexual Health and Rights

Authors: Møller, Maria Burin;

Struggles of Ugandan Adolescents in Accessing Sexual Health and Rights

Abstract

This master thesis addresses normative control mechanisms in Ugandan society that are affecting adolescents in their pursuit of sexual health (SH), and why these are causing a struggle for them in terms of mental health.This study uses anthropological methods in collecting empirical data; participant observational studies, interviews and focus group discussions with Ugandan adolescents, facilitated through the local NGO Reach A Hand Uganda. Furthermore, we have incorporated document analysis of the National Sexuality Education Framework (NSEF).The research design was built on the African concept of Ubuntu in order to decolonise our knowledge production and create space for Indigenous epistemologies, in respect of decentering African communal knowledge building. This was chosen from a methodological stance of Decolonial Feminist Ethnography. With a critical decolonial feminist angle, based on the work of Sylvia Tamale, the data was analysed with various Foucauldian theories; Governmentality, Biopolitics and Pastoral Power, supported by Stella Nyanzi’s theoretical and contextual understandings of these, to investigate macro- and meso-level normative control mechanisms. Together with Albert Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory of Self-Regulation and Merrill Singer’s Syndemic Theory, we investigate dynamics and outcomes of this power on a micro-level.The analysis is structured within five thematic chapters, based on empirical findings. The first chapter explores normative control embedded in the NSEF rooted in religious morals, and depicts how the framing of national values and dangers are used to legitimise institutional control and power. The second chapter focuses on the emphasis on women in intervention strategies, disregarding the role of men, especially in relation to gender equality and equity, impacting gender dynamics. The third chapter further explores this phenomenon. Here we show how gender power dynamics shape interactions of e.g. sexual negotiation, affecting young women’s SH disproportionately leading to exploitation, gender-based violence and teenage pregnancies. The fourth chapter analyses how taboos, myths and misinformation, and the stigma of ‘being spoiled’ affects adolescents and controls adolescent behaviour on a meso-level. This leads to the final chapter which analyses the consequences to mental health, as fear and confusion propels distrust across communities.

Country
Denmark
Related Organizations
Keywords

Norms, Sexual health, Decolonialism, Power, Africa, Adolescent health, Uganda, Mental health, SRHR, Feminism

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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