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Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019

The ‘hourglass’ pattern of representation:why political parties are key to electing more women to parliament

Kjær, Ulrik; Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina;
Open Access   English  
Published: 01 Feb 2019
The underrepresentation of women in politics is often portrayed as a pyramid, with the main problem identified as too few at the top. However, research by Ulrik Kjær and Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, shows that, in the case of Denmark, it follows an hourglass pattern, with underrepresentation worst at the intermediary stages of party membership and candidate identification. This suggests that party strategies for encouraging women to stand are important for improving representation.

JN101 Great Britain