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Other research product . 2015

Fiscal Policy and Income Distribution : Argentina 1995-2010

Cont, Walter; Porto, Alberto;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2015
Country: Argentina
This paper studies the effect of consolidate –national and provincial– fiscal policy in Argentina on income distribution, building a novel panel data for 1995-2010 considering the 24 jurisdictions and quintile groups within provinces. We allocate expenditures, taxes and transfers among provinces and among people within provinces, according to benefit and incidence principles, avoiding double accounting, and build three measures of income: ex ante, interim, and ex post (or extended) income. We find that i) personal income inequality increased between 1995 and 2002, and then reverted the trend; ii) the trends in income inequality have a parallel with the different macroeconomic regimes nested in the sample (convertibility between 1995 and 2001 and post convertibility since 2002); iii) the effect of fiscal policy is a reduction in the Gini coefficient of 6 points in 1995, 5 points in 2002 and 10 points in 2010; iv) the mix of instruments to redistribute income changed with time towards cash transfers and against in-kind expenditures; iv) provincial budgets contribute strongly to progressivity; v) social expenditure is the most important redistribution tool, but economic services have grown in size between sub-periods, pushed by government subsidies in energy and transport, and vi) the paper measures the distribution of budget but leave aside the distribution of results (e.g., expenditure performance).
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas

Ciencias Económicas, Argentina, política fiscal, distribución del ingreso