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Other research product . 2020

The genetic architecture of membranous nephropathy and its potential to improve non-invasive diagnosis

J. Xie; L Liu; N Mladkova; Y Li; H Ren; W. Wang; Z. Cui; +113 Authors
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2020
Membranous Nephropathy (MN) is a rare autoimmune cause of kidney failure. Here we report a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for primary MN in 3,782 cases and 9,038 controls of East Asian and European ancestries. We discover two previously unreported loci, NFKB1 (rs230540, OR = 1.25, P = 3.4 × 10 −12) and IRF4 (rs9405192, OR = 1.29, P = 1.4 × 10 −14), fine-map the PLA2R1 locus (rs17831251, OR = 2.25, P = 4.7 × 10 −103) and report ancestry-specific effects of three classical HLA alleles: DRB1*1501 in East Asians (OR = 3.81, P = 2.0 × 10 −49), DQA1*0501 in Europeans (OR = 2.88, P = 5.7 × 10 −93), and DRB1*0301 in both ethnicities (OR = 3.50, P = 9.2 × 10 −23 and OR = 3.39, P = 5.2 × 10 −82, respectively). GWAS loci explain 32% of disease risk in East Asians and 25% in Europeans, and correctly re-classify 20-37% of the cases in validation cohorts that are antibody-negative by the serum anti-PLA2R ELISA diagnostic test. Our findings highlight an unusual genetic architecture of MN, with four loci and their interactions accounting for nearly one-third of the disease risk. Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a rare autoimmune disease of podocyte-directed antibodies, such as anti-phospholipase A2 receptor. Here, the authors report a genome-wide association study for MN and identify two previously unreported loci encompassing the NFKB1 and IRF4 genes and additional ancestry-specific effects.

Genome-wide association studies, Autoimmunity, Immunogenetics, Membranous nephropathy, Alleles, Amino Acid Sequence, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Case-Control Studies, Genome-Wide Association Study, Glomerulonephritis, Membranous, Humans, Interferon Regulatory Factors, Models, Molecular, NF-kappa B p50 Subunit, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Receptors, Phospholipase A2, European Continental Ancestry Group